EQUIPMENT FOR EVALUATION OF GAIT

EQUIPMENT FOR EVALUATION OF GAIT

The equipment used consists of:

Posture Charts

These are boards on which the footprints were drawn. Footprints can be painted on the exam room floor.

room, but stance tables have the advantage of being portable.

Plumb line

This line is suspended from a top bar and the plumb line is hung in line with the posture point.

card indicating the standard base point (i.e., anterior to the lateral malleolus in lateral view, midway between

heels in rear view).

Folding ruler with spirit level

It is used to measure the level difference of the posterior iliac spines. It can also be used to detect any

differences in the level of the shoulders. A checkered butt is a more practical aid for detecting shoulder level differences.

Set of six blocks

These blocks measure 4 inches by 10 inches and have the following thicknesses: Vs, A, 3 / s, / 2, 3A and 1 inch.

They are used to determine the amount of lift needed to level the pelvis laterally.

Pencil marker

It is used to mark the spinous processes to observe the position of the spine in case of lateral deviation.

Measuring tape

This can be used to measure the length of the leg and the forward flexion to reach the fingertips towards or beyond

toes. Appropriate clothes

Subjects must wear clothing for a certain period, such as a two-piece swimsuit for girls or a swimsuit for boys.

postural exam. Such an examination of schoolchildren is unsatisfactory when children are dressed

normal track suits. In hospital clinics, gowns or other appropriate clothing should be provided.

FOOT ALIGNMENT

The subjects stand on the postural tables with their feet in the position indicated by the footprints.

Front view

Observe the position of the feet, knees and legs. Positions of the fingers, aspect of the longitudinal arch, alignment

relative to pronation or supination of the foot, rotation of the femur as indicated by the position of the patella,

Bent knees or bent legs should be considered. Any rotation of the head or abnormal appearance of the ribs should

also be noticed. The results are recorded in the graph under the heading "Segmental Alignment".

Side view

With the plumb line hanging in line with a point just anterior to the lateral malleolus, the relationship of the body

Overall, the plumb line is noted and recorded under the heading "Plumb alignment". must be observed

both on the right and left side in order to detect rotation faults. Descriptions such as the following

can be used to record the results: "Anterior body from the ankles up", "Anterior pelvis and head", "Good except lordosis" or "Upper torso and posterior head". Segmental misalignment can be seen with or without the plumb line. Notice if the knees are properly aligned, hyperextended, or flexed. Note the position of the pelvis when viewed from the side and whether the anterior-posterior curves of the spine are normal or exaggerated. Also consider the position of the head (forward or tilted up or down), the position of the chest (whether normal, depressed or elevated) and the contour of the abdominal wall. The results are recorded in the graph under the heading "Segmental Alignment".

Rearview mirror

With the plumb line hanging in line with a point halfway between the heels, the relationship of the body or parts

body to plumb line are expressed as good or as deviations to the right or left. From the point of view of segmental alignment, alignment of the calcaneal tendon, postural adduction or abduction of the hips, relative height of posterior iliac spines, lateral pelvic tilt, lateral spinal deviations must be considered. vertebral. and the positions of the shoulders and shoulder blades. . For example, a lateral pelvic tilt may result from pronation of a foot or habitual flexion of a knee, allowing the pelvis to drop.

on that side standing.

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