What is prostate gland?

 What is prostate gland?

The prostate is a pecan measured organ situated between the bladder and the penis. The prostate is simply before the rectum. The urethra goes through the focal point of the prostate, from the bladder to the penis, allowing urine to stream out of the body. The prostate secretes liquid that feeds and secures sperm.

Benign enlargement of prostate gland

u Benign prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)  also called prostate enlargement is a non cancerous increase in size of prostate gland

u This is most commonly found in men over 60 years

u Clinically present with urinary flow obstruction

u Acute urinary retention may occur if gland suddenly enlarges in size due to infection and congestion

u Hematuria due to urethral bleeding may be presenting symptom

u On rectal examination prostate may feel large, elastic and uniform in consistency



u With prostate is enlarged, it can bother or block the bladder needing to urinate often is a common symptom of BPH

u This might be every 1-2 hours mainly at night

u Feeling that bladder is full,  even right after urinating

u Feeling that urinating can't wait

u A weak flow of urine

u Needing to stop and start urinating several times

u Trouble starting to urinate

u Needing to push or strain to urinate



Causes of benign enlargement of prostate gland

u factors related to aging and testicles may cause BPH

u higher share of estrogen


Investigation of benign enlargement of prostate gland

u Personal or family history

u Physical examination

u Medical tests

u Ultrasound show large prostate

u Cystoscopy to look at urethra or bladder with a scope

u Post-void residual  volume to measure urine left in bladder

u PSA blood test to screen for prostate cancer

u Urinalysis (urine test)

u Uroflowmetry   to measure how fast urine flows


Treatment of benign enlargement of prostate gland

u Alpha blockers such as

u Doxazocin ( cardura 2mg)

u Transurethral resection of prostatic tissue is the treatment of choice

Inflammation of the prostate gland

Microorganisms here and there cause prostatitis (aggravation of the prostate). All the more usually, the basic reason is questionable. Counsel your PCP immediately on the off chance that you experience:

  • fever
  • lower back torment
  • torment in the crotch
  • critical and continuous pee.


Treatment with anti-infection agents is fundamental for intense bacterial prostatitis. Admission to emergency clinic is regularly fundamental and, as with persistent (progressing) bacterial prostatitis, explicit antibacterial medications are needed for quite a while.




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