KTaping on muscles, function, mode of action and application

Muscle Applications

Muscle applications are used for increased or reduced resting muscle tone (hypertonicity, hypotonicity), as well as for injuries to the musculature, and bring about a normalization of the resting muscle tone, reduction in pain, and improvement in resilience, which facilitate more rapid healing.

Muscle applications are affixed with 10% tape tension. Because the tape is already pre-stretched by 10% on the roll, this is referred to as an unstretched application. The patient is placed in a pre-stretched position and the tape is applied with the 10% pre-stretching to the part of the body to be treated. Depending on the type of application, K-Taping can effect increased or decreased tonus.

During the K-Taping training, students are taught that a tonus increasing application is affixed from the muscle of origin to the muscle of insertion and for a tonus-decreasing effect, the application is affixed in the opposite direction, from muscle insertion to muscle origin. However, according to muscle movement and function, origin and insertion can change, and in these cases, the muscle applications are carried out contrary to the rules mentioned above. The classic portrayal whereby the muscle origin and insertion are rigidly prescribed does not, however, provide for this »alteration« which may lead to misunderstandings for some therapists during training and in practice.

The illustration of muscle function using punctum fixum (fixed end) and punctum mobile (mobile end) is helpful since according to the function of the muscle, the fixed and mobile ends change positions.

KTaping on muscles

 

Muscle Function

In carrying out movements, the muscle contracts, bringing the muscle insertion closer to the muscle origin, or, the punctum mobile approaches the punctum fixum and the muscle fascia as well as the skin are displaced in the same direction.

 Mode of Action of the K-Taping

In a tonus-increasing muscle application, the elastic stretch tape exerts tension via the restoring force in the direction of origin (punctum fixum) to the fixed base, and thus displaces the skin in the same direction. This brings about support of the muscle contraction. In a tonus-decreasing muscle application, the elastic stretch tape exerts tension in the direction of insertion (punctum mobile) to the fixed base and likewise displaces the skin in the same direction. This causes a reduction in muscle contraction.

Executing the Application

 Measure the required tape strips on the patient with the muscles in the elongated position

 If necessary, cut the tape strips into the appropriate form (e.g., Y-tape).

 Cut the corners at the tape ends into a rounded form.

Place the patient in the resting position. And fix the base

Place the patient in position for the necessary muscleelongation.

The therapist affixes the base with one hand and then positions the skin

A fix the tape strips with the other hand along thecourse of the muscle with 10% stretch.

Rub the affixed tape strips while the muscle is elongated.


Reference

Birgit Kumbrink

K-Taping An Illustrated Guide

– Basics

– Techniques

– Indications

2nd edition

 

 

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