KTaping on ligaments; application, function and mode of action

Ligament Applications

Ligament applications are used for injuries and overloading of ligaments (Lat.: ligamenta) and tendons. The same

technique can be used to treat pain points , trigger points , or spinal segments. . They bring about relief of symptoms,

pain attenuation , and improvement in resilience and thus lead to more rapid healing and a reduction in rehabilitation time. The term »ligament application« does not, therefore, adequately describe the various application options, although it has become widely recognized for this application technique.

KTaping on ligaments

Ligament applications are affixed with maximum tape stretch. As with the muscle applications, the tape ends areapplied unstretched for an improved period of wear. For ligament applications, the respective joint is positioned so that it is in a state of tension. For tendon applications, the muscles are maximally elongated, and for the treatment of pain points, the patient is placed in the elongated muscle position. Two application techniques are used, depending upon whether tendons, ligaments, or pain points are to be treated. Ligament and tendon areas are structures copiously provided with sensors, which form a close functional connection to joints and muscles. Afferents from the skin and subcutis can supplement the deep sensibility (proprioception) and attenuate the pain impulses (nociceptive afferents). K-Taping therapy uses these properties to influence bodily movement via skin stimulation.

Ligament Applications (Ligamenta)

This application technique is used for ligaments which connect two adjacent bones, e.g., the collateral ligaments of the knee. In this case, the tape is affixed en bloc. The backing paper is torn down the middle and detached to the sides so that only a two finger width of tape at each end (the bases) remain attached to the backing paper. The tape is then affixed en bloc with maximum stretch over the ligament structure up to the osseous insertion point. During this process, the joint is positioned so that the ligaments are under tension.

Only then is the backing paper removed from the tape ends, which are affixed without stretch.

Ligament Function

Two adjacent bones are connected by a ligament. According to the position of the joint, the ligaments are either

tensed or relaxed and serve to reinforce and guide the joint. With the exception of the ligamenta flava between

the vertebrae, ligaments are only minimally extendible. They have numerous nerves and mechanoreceptors and are thus functionally involved in much more than providing mechanical support and direction. They provide information about the position, movement, and speed of the joint. In addition, they register extension and pain. There is a functional interrelationship between the capsules, the musculature, and the mechanoreceptors contained in the ligaments in controlling joint movement, in which the capsule tension, movement, and the joint pressure are continuously measured, and signals transmitted via the spinal segment to the respective joint. Through constant adaptation, the musculature can thus react to the current situation.

Mode of Action of K-Taping

By first affixing the tape en bloc with maximum tension and only then attaching the bases, the tape is simultaneously anchored to both osseous insertion points. In this way, the tape pulls the ligaments together towards the middle. Purely mechanically, it supports the ligament in such a way that in joint movement it is brought into the same state of tension as the tape. Moreover, through the concomitant displacement of the skin, which, according to the joint position and movement, is displaced towards the center or the base of the application, it triggers

Reference

Birgit Kumbrink

K-Taping An Illustrated Guide

– Basics

– Techniques

– Indications

2nd edition

 

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