KTaping on Knee

Collateral Ligaments of the Knee

Course

Tibial ( medial) collateral ligament : from the medial epicondyle of the femur to the medial condyle of the tibia.

The medial ligament is a triangular, flat band fused with the capsule and the medial meniscus. It is thicker than the lateral ligament.

Fibular ( lateral) collateral ligament : from the lateral epicondyle to the head of the fibula. The round lateral ligament has no attachment to the capsule or the lateral meniscus.

k taping for knee pain


Function

The collateral ligaments support and control the knee joint. They prevent lateral bending open of the knee as well as exterior rotation of the tibia. The collateral ligaments are extended during stretching and lateral rotation of the lower leg and relaxed during flexion and internal rotation.

Indications

Overloading and stretching of collateral ligaments

Application

The tape is measured from insertion to insertion for the tibial collateral ligament and fibular collateral ligament.

The knee is placed in the neutral position. The tape is affixed in the neutral position. Stretch the tape maximally, apply the stretched area en bloc, and rub the tape well. Place the knee in the position of maximum flexion and anchor the affixed tape with one hand to prevent loosening of the tape. Remove both parts of the backing paper and affix the ends without tension. The applications for the two ligaments are carried out successively. Measure the tape for the lateral ligament, then affix the stretched tape and anchor the ends with maximum flexion. Repeat this procedure for the medial side.

Patellar Ligament

Course

Patellar ligament : A continuation of the quadriceps tendon, it runs from the patella to the tibial tuberosity.

Function

Force transmission of anterior thigh musculature to the lower leg during extension and flexion of the knee.

Indications

Overloading and stretching of the patellar ligament; patellar apex syndrome

Application

The tape is measured from the tibial tuberosity to the upper margin of the patella with maximum knee flexion. The base is affixed to the ligament insertion without tension, then the knee is brought into a position of maximum flexion and the base anchored with skin displacement. The maximally stretched tape is affixed up to

the apex of the patella. Leave the knee in maximum flexion and affix the tape ends without tension. The completed tape application is rubbed with the knee flexed.

Achilles Tendon

Course

Calcaneal tendon : Tendonous extension ofmthe soleus and gastrocnemius muscles, inserting into the posterior surface of the calcaneus bone below the bursa.

Function

Transmission of force of the calf muscle to the ankle joint in plantar flexion

Plantar flexion, flexion of the knee

Indications

Overloading and stretching of the achilles tendon, achillodynia

Application

The tape is measured from the calcaneus bone on the sole of the foot up to the muscle-tendon junction with the gastrocnemius muscle; the patient is in the prone position with maximum dorsal extension of the foot.

Place the ankle in the neutral position and affix the base to the sole of the foot without tension to facilitate better adhesion.Elongate the muscle and anchor the base, then affix the tape with maximum stretch over the tendon up to the muscle insertion. Affix the tape ends without tension.

Lateral Collateral Ligaments of the

Ankle Joint

Course

Anterior talofibular ligament runs from the fibula to the Talus.

Posterior talofibular ligament runs from the fibula to talus

Calcaneofibular ligament runs from the fibula to the calcaneus

Function

Support of plantar and dorsal flexion of the ankle joint

Indications

Overloading and stretching of the lateral collateral ligaments

Application

The tape strip is affixed maximally stretched over its entire length.

 

Reference

Birgit Kumbrink

K-Taping An Illustrated Guide

– Basics

– Techniques

– Indications

2nd edition

 

 

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