KTaping of lower limb muscles

 

Muscle Application for the Lower Extremities Adductor Longus

Origin

Superior ramus of the pubis

Insertion

Middle third of the medial lip of the linea aspera, distally the fibers extend to the adductor canal.

Function

Adduction, external rotation, and minimal anteversion of the hip

Innervation

Anterior ramus of obturator nerve (L2–L4)

KTaping of lower limb muscles


Application

This example illustrates a tonus-reducing muscle application to the adductor longus. The tape is measured from insertion of the femoral condyle to the superior ramus of the pubis with hip adduction and knee flexion.

The base is affixed to the insertion in the resting position. The muscle is elongated and the base anchored with skin displacement. The tape is then affixed with 10% stretch over the muscle belly up to the superior ramus of the pubis. The tape is rubbed with the muscle in the elongated position.

Rectus Femoris

Origin

Anterior head: anterior inferior iliac spine

Posterior head: cranial margin of the acetabulum

Insertion

Over the patella (a sesamoid bone), it joins with the patellar ligament the patellar retinacula to insert into the tibial tuberosity

Function

Extension of the knee, flexion of the hip

Innervation

Femoral nerve (lumbar plexus)

Application

This example illustrates a tonus-increasing muscle application to the rectus femoris. The tape is measured from the origin of the anterior inferior iliac spine to the tibial tuberosity with maximum hip and knee flexion.

The base is affixed to the origin in the resting position. The muscle is elongated and the base anchored with skin displacement. The tape is affixed with 10% stretch over the muscle belly up to a finger width above the patella; the cut tape is then affixed around the patella to the insertion at the tibial tuberosity. The unstretched tape tails are affixed one over the other.The tape is rubbed with the muscle in the elongated position.

Biceps Femoris

Origin

Long head: ischial tuberosity

Short head: middle third of the linea aspera

jInsertion

Head of the fibula

Function

Hip retroversion, knee flexion with external rotation of lower leg

Innervation

Long head: tibial nerve. Short head: common peroneal nerve

Application

This example illustrates a toning-muscle application to the biceps femoris. The tape is measured from the origin of the ischial tuberosity to the head of the fibula with maximum hip flexion and knee extension. The base is affixed to the origin in the resting position. The muscle is elongated and the base anchored with skin displacement. The tape is then affixed with 10% stretch over the muscle belly up to the insertion of the head

of the fibula. The tape is rubbed with the muscle in the elongated position.

Semimembranosus

Origin

Ischial tuberosity

Insertion

Semimembranosus: medial surface of the tibia, pes anserinus profundus

Function

Hip retroversion, knee flexion with inner rotation of the lower leg

Innervation

Tibial nerve

Application

This example illustrates a tonus-reducing application to the semimembranosus muscle. The tape is measured from the insertion at the pes anserinus up to the ischial tuberosity with maximum hip flexion and knee extension. The base is affixed to the insertion in the resting position. The muscle is elongated and the base anchored with skin displacement. The tape is then affixed with 10% stretch over the muscle belly to the origin at the ischial tuberosity. The tape is rubbed with the muscle in the elongated Position

Gluteus Maximus

Origin

Superficial fibers: iliac crest, posterior superior iliac spine, thoracolumbar fascia, dorsal surface of the

Sacrum

Deep fibers: dorsal wing of ilium (behind the posterior gluteal line), sacrotuberous ligament, and the fascia of the gluteus medius

Insertion

Proximal fibers in the iliotibial tract , distal fibers in the gluteal tuberosity

Function

Main extensor of hip joint; maintains erect position of the trunk, supports adduction (cranial fibers) and abduction (caudal fibers), is involved in external rotation, and tenses the iliotibial tract

Innervation

Inferior gluteal nerve (sacral plexus)

Application

This example illustrates a tonus-increasing muscle application to the gluteus maximus. The tape is measured from the origin at the sacrum to the insertion at the gluteal tuberosity plus an additional hand width so that the entire muscle can be included. The base is attached to the origin in the resting position.

The muscle is elongated and the base anchored with skin displacement. The tape is then affixed with 10%

stretch over the muscle belly to the origin at the gluteal tuberosity; the unstretched tape tail ends are affixed one over the other . The tape is rubbed with the muscle in the elongated position.

 

Reference

Birgit Kumbrink

K-Taping An Illustrated Guide

– Basics

– Techniques

– Indications

2nd edition

 

 

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