Kineseo Taping; effects and functions

Functions and Effects of K-Taping

Improvement of Muscle Function

 Application in Muscle Injuries

Muscle injuries range from overworked muscles through strain to torn muscle fibers and torn muscles.

Overloading the muscle apparatus causes ruptures in the muscle connective tissue. The resultant fluid in the interstitial spaces causes increased pressure, with concomitant stimulation of pressure and pain sensors. The consequences are: pain, stiffness, swelling, and increased tonus.

Kineseo Taping; effects

 

Application in Hypertonus/Myogelosis

Areflexively increased, persistent tonus leads to a change in the consistency of the muscle. Generally, the entire muscle is affected, but changes may be confined to localized areas within the muscle. The cause is trauma due to one-sided overload, e.g., repetitive work on a production line, which causes continuously elevated muscle tonus.

Application in Muscle Shortening

Muscle shortening may be reflexive or functional. This transition is generally blurred. The reasons for reflexive

muscle shortening are, e.g.,

 protective reaction to pain,

 acoustic or optic stress factors,

 alterations in balance due to degenerative joint changes, coordination problems due to unaccustomed work (leading to faulty movements with an imbalance in the muscles involved), overloading the musculature through one-sided work.

The same conditions that cause reflexive muscle shortening may, in the long run, also lead to reversible structural shortening.

 Application in Hypotonus/Flaccidity

Hypotonus is generally caused by reflexive inhibition due to a hypertonic antagonist, pathological joint processes, or paresis. The consequences are disrupted muscle activity resulting in reduced strength and muscle atrophy.

 Application in Malfunctioning Muscle Activation

Malfunctioning muscle activation fairly rapidly leads to hypotrophy and atrophy . The cause is always inactivity, e.g., trauma with subsequent immobility, chronic diseases of the musculoskeletal system, lack of exercise, reflexive inhibition due to chronic joint processes. Complete atrophy only occurs with interruption of the nerve signal.

 Effect of Muscle Taping

 Change in Tonus

Tonus is a state of tension maintained by impulses from the CNS as well as through peripheral afferent signals (joint, muscle, skin) as peripheral feedback regulation . Skin receptors are activated by the tape, thereby strengthening additional peripheral afferent signals. Influence can be exerted on tonus regulation via these mechanisms.

k Support of Muscle Control

Proprioception (deep sensibility) serves to orient the body in space. Through the mechanoreceptors , we sense the position and movement of our joints. The proprioceptive afferents of the mechanoreceptors are involved in the control of the postural motor system (static) and directed motility (dynamic). The sensors are in the joints, muscles, tendons, and in the skin. The proprioceptors in the skin are reached by means of the tape. In this way, more information on position and exertion of the extremities and the body is transmitted.

Elimination of Circulatory

Impairments

Inflammation is frequently the body’s reaction to tissue damage . Along with fluid in the injured area, inflammation

leads to compressed swelling and an increase in pressure between skin and musculature. The lymph flow is disrupted or stagnates. The K-Taping application can lift the skin in this area, increase the space, and thus effect a decrease in pressure and an improvement in the lymph circulation.

Pain Reduction

Nociceptors form the basis of the sense of pain. Nociceptors are free nerve endings found in the dermis, partially penetrating the epidermis. They are distributed fairly evenly over the body and are of crucial importance for the skin’s function as a protective layer for the organism. Nociceptors are likewise found in the musculature, the internal organs, and in all types of body tissues. Exceptions are the outer layers of the articular cartilage in the joints, the nucleus pulposus of the spinal discs, and the brain and liver. Nociceptors react to thermal, mechanical, and chemical stimuli. The transmission of the nociceptive signals occurs on the one hand via the myelinated Aγ-fibers, which, because of their rapid stimulus transmission, trigger the so-called first pain sensation (bright, sharp, piercing, or incisional pain) and on the other hand via the unmyelinated C-fibers, which can only slowly transmit the stimulus and trigger the »second pain« (dull, burning, bordistributed in the skin, the »second pain receptors« in the joint capsules ligaments, tendons, and inner organs. The nociceptive afferents are switched in the dorsal horn to a second neuron and relayed divergently by numerous synaptic connections. The first filtering and influence of the incoming nociceptive and proprioceptive signals occurs at the spinal level prior to transmission to the cranial level; in principal, however, the »important« information, e.g., nociceptive afferents for the superordinate centers (cortex, brain stem) is relayed. The nociceptive afferents running to the dorsal horn come from joints, muscles, skin, and inner organs. Likewise, afferents run from the cortex and brain stem to the dorsal horn. These centrally descending pathways can be inhibitory as well as channelling.

The nociceptive afferents pass to the ventral horn and the lateral horn. The motor nocireaction takes place in the ventral horn :  reflexive increase in muscle tonus,  hypertonus, and  myogelosis

Autonomic nociception takes place in the lateral horn : connective tissue changes,  swelling, and hypoxemia(capillary perfusion).

Joints are moveable connections between bones. The capsular ligament apparatus and the musculature are also involved in the control of joint movement. The mobility of a joint depends upon the type of joint and the surrounding structures (muscles, ligaments, and capsule).

Movement disorders in the joint can have different causes: damage to the joint surfaces due to arthrosis or arthritis with shrinkage in the capsular ligament apparatus due to faulty posture and repetitive strain  imbalance in the musculature around the joint  blockages due to compression, e.g., of meniscuses in the joint  nocireactions from other structures outside the joint The joint functions can be supported using different K-Tape applications. By influencing the muscle tone, imbalances can be corrected and balance restored to the muscle group.

 Reference

Birgit Kumbrink

K-Taping An Illustrated Guide

– Basics

– Techniques

– Indications

2nd edition

 

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